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Pregnancy Problems

During pregnancy, your health is number one priority. That’s why we went straight to top pregnancy health experts for all the details you want to know about the most common pregnancy problems. In our pregnancy problems guide, you can read about a slew of pregnancy conditions – everything from hemorrhoids to gestational diabetes. Find out what any pregnancy symptom could possibly mean (are you swollen just because you’re expecting, or is it a sign of some complication?) and find out whether or not it’s worth a call to your OB. If you already know you’ve got a pregnancy complication or health condition, our comprehensive articles will give you the scoop on its causes and how it can affect you and baby. Plus, get treatment tips straight from medical experts and pregnant women like you. Yup, we've got answers to all your questions about pregnancy health problems right here!

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If you have polyhydramnios or suspect you have it, find out how it affects baby and what you can do to treat it. We've got all you need to know here.

What is polyhydramnios?

Polyhydramnios occurs when there's too much amniotic fluid around baby.

What are the signs of polyhydramnios?

If it’s a mild case, you might have few or no symptoms. If it’s a severe case, you may experience shortness of breath when you’re sitting or lying down, swelling in your lower abdomen and decreased urine production. Other signs include an enlarged uterus and trouble hearing baby’s heartbeat or feeling baby move.

Are there any tests for polyhydramnios?

If your doctor thinks you have polyhydramnios, she’ll do a fetal ultrasound. If the ultrasound shows that you have polyhydramnios, your doctor may perform a detailed ultrasound to measure the amount of amniotic fluid in your uterus. You may also need an amniocentesis, a glucose challenge test, a maternal serum screening and a karyotype.

How common is polyhydramnios?

It’s pretty rare. It only happens in about 1 percent of pregnancies.

How did I get polyhydramnios?

Some causes of polyhydramnios include a birth defect in baby that affects his gastrointestinal tract or central nervous system,maternal diabetes, a complication in identical twin pregnancies when one twin receives more blood than the other (twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome), fetal anemia and blood incompatibility between mother and baby.

How will polyhydramnios affect my baby?

Polyhydramnios may increase the risk of premature birth, excess fetal growth and stillbirth. It can affect you because it may cause high blood pressure, urinary tract infections, your water breaking early, placental abruption, umbilical cord prolapse (umbilical cord comes before the baby in birth), c-section and heavy bleeding after delivery.

-- Laura Riley, MD, ob-gyn, Director of Labor and Delivery at Massachusetts General Hospital and author of You & Your Baby: Pregnancy


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