Baby Symptoms & Conditions

Being a new parent means decoding a ton of baby symptoms, from a fever, to excessive crying to strange lumps and bumps. Is it a cold? The flu? Teething? Colic? Gas pain? The Bump is here to help! Try out our symptom finder to see what health conditions baby's symptoms could be signaling. And browse through a ton of articles on everything from baby allergies to yeast diaper rash. Find out what causes any common baby health condition, how to prevent it and how to treat it if baby gets it. We've got a ton of advice and tips from medical experts and from moms and dads who've been through it. So whether it's just a cold, or a sign of asthma, get the scoop on all baby and toddler symptoms and conditions right here at The Bump.

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Choking in Babies

How to save baby’s life if he’s choking or has a partially blocked airway.

What is choking like for a baby?

Babies’ and toddlers’ airways are tiny and vulnerable to obstruction. Choking occurs when something lodges in a child’s airway and blocks the flow of oxygen.

What are the symptoms of choking in babies?

Your child might get a sudden, startled look on his face. You might hear some small coughs as he attempts to clear his airway, followed by a funny, high-pitched sound -- or no sound. His face may turn red or bluish.

Are there any tests for choking in babies?

No time for tests! If your child starts choking, it’s time to act.

How common is choking in babies?

Choking is a common cause of injury and death in kids under the age of one. Babies are particularly vulnerable because they have tiny airways and because they like to put everything in their mouths.

How did my baby choke?

Food is the most common cause of choking episodes in young kids. Babies need to learn how to chew and swallow effectively, and it’s not at all unusual for a baby to cram more food into her mouth than she can handle.

Too-big chunks of food can also cause a choking episode, as can accidents with nonfood items. It’s best to keep all potential choking hazards, including small toys and household objects, out of baby’s reach.

What’s the best way to treat choking in babies?

“If you find that your child has something in his mouth, the best thing to do is to pick him up and do back blows,” says Katherine O’Connor, MD, a pediatric hospitalist at The Children’s Hospital at Montefiore in New York City. “Don't try to put your finger in to get it out, because you may accidentally force the object farther in. Just pick up your child and hit him on the back.”

It’s also a good idea to take an infant CPR class, just in case.

What can I do to prevent my baby from choking?

“We suggest that little ones under the age of three don't play with anything that’s smaller than the size of the inside of a toilet paper roll,” O’Connor says.

Food should always be cut into bite-size pieces; avoid common choking hazards such as grapes, nuts and popcorn until your child is older. Always supervise baby during mealtimes.

What do other moms do when their babies choke?

“Okay, I can't take this anymore. My daughter keeps choking. On nothing. Saliva and mucus, I guess. Most of the time, it lasts a second or two. As quick as I notice it, she's recovered. But we've had about four times that it's been like a good 30 seconds. She gets SUPER-red, her eyes get huge and she looks petrified, and she can't make a sound. I'm so afraid.”

“My daughter did this twice, and it was the scariest thing ever. Once she spit up while I was changing her, and she couldn’t breathe. I guess it went back down and choked her. I sat her up and it was still going on for about 30 seconds; she then cried. Another time when she was asleep, I heard a gasp and then saw her wide-awake choking as well. I wish I knew how to make it stop.... We have her pediatrician appointment today -- I’ll ask the doctor about it.”

“There’s an expensive OTC solution that may help; SimplyThick [though it shouldn’t be given to premature infants]. We add it to my LO's bottle. Mention it to your pediatrician and see if it's worth trying. They may have free samples for you to try before spending $70 per case. You can buy SimplyThick in drugstores.”

Are there any other resources for choking in babies?

American Academy of Pediatrics’ HealthyChildren.org

Plus, more from The Bump:

How to Do Infant CPR

Cough in Babies

Babyproofing Checklist

The Bump expert: Katherine O’Connor, MD, a pediatric hospitalist at The Children’s Hospital at Montefiore in New York City

-- Jennifer L.W. Fink

See More: Baby Basics , Baby Doctor Visits , Newborn Basics , Toddler Basics

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Reminder: Medical info on The Bump is FYI only and doesn't replace a visit to a medical professional.