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Fertility 101

A woman only knows how fertile she is once she tries to conceive. If you are trying to get pregnant, get to know what factors affect fertility, how to boost yours, and what to do if you’re not succeeding.

When to Seek Treatment

The recommendation from both the American Congress of Obestetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) and the American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) is that women under age 30 try to conceive for 12 months before seeking treatment, and that women over age 30 try for six months before seeking help from a fertility specialist.

However, a new study shows that the majority of women who have not conceived in six months are not likely to conceive by simply trying for another six months. By the end of six months, 56 percent of participants were pregnant. By the end of 12 months, 8 percent were pregnant. Only 15 percent of women got pregnant by trying to conceive for an additional six months. If you have been trying for six months, no matter what your age, it could not hurt to check-in with your OB or a reproductive endocrinologist.

You and your partner should visit a fertility specialist together. Your doctor can give you and your partner a fertility workup, which will start the process of figuring out if either of you has an infertility problem. If a couple is struggling to get pregnant, often the woman assumes that the problem is hers but infertility is an equal opportunity offender -- one-third of infertility issues are attributed to women, one-third are attributed to men, and one-third is attributed to a combination of factors.

There are dozens of effective fertility treatments available and assisted reproductive technology (ART) is always improving. Although 1 in 7 couples have difficulty conceiving, two-thirds of couples that are treated for infertility go on to have babies.

Plus, more from The Bump:

Fertility Tools

Signs of Ovulation

Tricks for Getting Pregnant

-- Kelly Alfieri

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